UNIT 1 WELCOME!
Unit 2 IT'S JANET'S BIRTHDAY!
UNIT 3 SLEEPWALKING
UNIT 4 REVIEW OF UNITS 1 TO 3
UNIT 5 GESTURES
UNIT 6 AT THE BEACH
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5 – Grammar: Future Tense

In English, we use a number of different structures for the future tense. Look at three examples below using three different structures. Then do the exercise that follows.

1English speakers usually use “be going to” for future plans:
He is going to China next week.
How are you going to do that?
When using “be going to,” the sentence structure is:
Statement: S + BE + “going to” + VERB
Question: (Question Word + ) BE + S + “going to”
2English speakers usually use “will” for future actions and promises:
I’m sure Jack will take her to a nice restaurant.
Will he eat lunch after exercising?
When using “will” the sentence structure is:
Statement: S + “will” + VERB
Question: (Question Word + ) “Will” + S + VERB
Both “will” and “be going to” can be used when making predictions about the future.
3English speakers sometimes
use present tense for future
actions, but there is usually aword/phrase to suggest the future:
Janet’s birthday is next week.
Did you know it’s Janet’s birthday next week?

Look at the following statements from the listening. Each one is about a future event. Write whether the sentence uses “will,” “be going to,” or the present tense. If the sentence uses “will” or “be going to,” write whether the statement is discussing a future plan, an action, a promise, or a prediction. If the sentence uses the present tense, write the word/phrase that tells us that it is about a future event. The first three have been done for you.

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