In English, we use a number of different structures for the future tense. Look at three examples below using three different structures. Then do the exercise that follows.
|1||English speakers usually use “be going to” for future plans:|
He is going to China next week.
How are you going to do that?
|When using “be going to,” the sentence structure is: |
Statement: S + BE + “going to” + VERB
Question: (Question Word + ) BE + S + “going to”
|2||English speakers usually use “will” for future actions and promises:|
I’m sure Jack will take her to a nice restaurant.
Will he eat lunch after exercising?
|When using “will” the sentence structure is:|
Statement: S + “will” + VERB
Question: (Question Word + ) “Will” + S + VERB
|Both “will” and “be going to” can be used when making predictions about the future.|
|3||English speakers sometimes |
use present tense for future
actions, but there is usually aword/phrase to suggest the future:
Janet’s birthday is next week.
Did you know it’s Janet’s birthday next week?
Look at the following statements from the listening. Each one is about a future event. Write whether the sentence uses “will,” “be going to,” or the present tense. If the sentence uses “will” or “be going to,” write whether the statement is discussing a future plan, an action, a promise, or a prediction. If the sentence uses the present tense, write the word/phrase that tells us that it is about a future event. The first three have been done for you.
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